Asian Perspectives Vol. 59, No. 1 (2020)

The spring issue of Asian Perspectives includes two remembrances to Martin Thomas Bale (7 March 1970–21 September 2018) and Hung Ling-Yu 洪玲玉 (25 February 1975–26 April 2018).

Bale was one of Korean archaeology’s most active and ardent supporters. He was a pioneer of Korean prehistory in North America, devoting more than twenty years to the study of the Mumun Pottery Period (ca. 1500–300 b.c.) and broader East Asia. Hung was an anthropological archaeologist to her core, with extensive field experience in archaeological excavations and surveys in China and Taiwan, including work in Sichuan Province as part of the Luce Foundation-sponsored Chengdu Plain Archaeological Survey.

Find these remembrances, research articles, a review essay, and book reviews in the new issue.

Editors’ Note
Mike T. Carson, Rowan K. Flad

Formation and Function of Majiayao and Qijia Pottery: Analysis of Manufacturing Marks and Use-alteration on Vessels from the Tao River Valley
Andrew Womack, Hui Wang

Revisiting Prei Khmeng: The Excavation of an Iron Age Settlement and Cemetery in Cambodia
Dougald O’Reilly, Louise Shewan, Kate Domett, An Sopheap

Traditional Land Use and Resistance to Spanish Colonial Entanglement: Archaeological Evidence on Guam
Boyd Dixon, Danny Welch, Lon Bulgrin, Mark Horrocks

Lapita on Wari Island: What’s the Problem?
Merryn Chynoweth, Glenn R. Summerhayes, Anne Ford, Yo Negishi

Integration and the Regional Market System in the Early Chinese Empires: A Case Study of the Distribution of Iron and Bronze Objects in the Wei River Valley
Lam Wengcheong

Antenna-Style Daggers in Northeast Asia from the Perspective of Interregional Interaction
Park Sun Mi

Recovering Plant Microfossils from Archaeological and other Palaeoenvironmental Deposits: A Practical Guide Developed from Pacific Region Experience
Mark Horrocks

Ban Chiang, Northeast Thailand, Volumes 2A and 2B: A Review Essay
Charles Higham

Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity: Rome, China, Iran, and the Steppe, ca. 250–750 ed. by Nicola Di Cosmo and Michael Maas (review)
Barry Cunliffe

Violence, Kinship and the Early Chinese State: The Shang and their World by Roderick Campbell (review)
Wang Haicheng

Silk, Slaves, and Stupas: Material Culture of the Silk Road by Susan Whitfield (review)
Toby C. Wilkinson

Martin Thomas Bale (7 March 1970–21 September 2018)
Rachel Lee, Mark Byington

Hung Ling-Yu 洪玲玉 (25 February 1975–26 Abril 2018)
Hung Ling-Yu, Tristram R. Kidder, Sara Friedman


Asian Perspectives cover 59-1
Asian Perspectives, Vol. 59, No. 1 (2020)

Asian Perspectives Vol. 58, No. 2 (2019)

From Yang Qian's "Conflict and Identity: The Ritual of Wall Construction in Early China," this issue of Asian Perspectives. Fig. 1: Character for yi on front of oracle bone No. 7854 (Heji 1978:1192, photo used by permission from Zhonghua Book Company).
From Yang Qian’s “Conflict and Identity: The Ritual of Wall Construction in Early China,” this issue of Asian Perspectives. Fig. 1: Character for yi on front of oracle bone No. 7854 (Heji 1978:1192, photo used by permission from Zhonghua Book Company).

Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific is the leading peer-reviewed archaeological journal devoted to the prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. The new issue features the following scholarly articles:


A Bioarchaeological Study of Trauma at Late Iron Age to Protohistoric Non Ban Jak, Northeast Thailand
by Lucille T. Pedersen, Kate M. Domett, Nigel J. Chang, Siân E. Halcrow, Hallie R. Buckley, Charles F. W. Higham, Dougald J. W. O’reilly, Louise Shewan

Austronesian Expansions and the Role of Mainland New Guinea: A New Perspective
by Glenn R. Summerhayes

Ritual, Landscapes of Exchange, and the Domestication of Canarium: A Seram Case Study
by Roy Ellen

Conflict and Identity: The Ritual of Wall Construction in Early China
by Yang Qian

Last-Millennium Settlement on Yadua Island, Fiji: Insights into Conflict and Climate Change
by Piérick C. M. Martin, Patrick D. Nunn, Niko Tokainavatu, Frank Thomas, Javier Leon, Neil Tindale

Household Ethnoarchaeology and Social Action in a Megalith-Building Society in West Sumba, Indonesia
by Ron L. Adams

On Craft Production and the Settlement Pattern of the Jinsha Site Cluster on the Chengdu Plain
by Kuei-chen Lin

Book Reviews

World Heritage Craze in China: Universal Discourse, National Culture, and Local Memory by Haiming Yan (review)
by Magnus Fiskesjö

Archaeology and Buddhism in South Asia by Himanshu Prabha Ray (review)
by Lars Fogelin

Yungang: Art, History, Archaeology, Liturgy by Joy Lidu Yi (review)
by Denise Patry Leidy

Khao Sam Kaeo: An Early Port-City between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea ed. by Bérénice Bellina (review)
by Michèle H. S. Demandt

Women in Ancient China by Bret Hinsch (review)
by Sheri A. Lullo

Asian Perspectives 58-2
Asian Perspectives Vol. 58, No. 2 (2019)

Celebrating Asian / Pacific American Heritage Month with Free Journal Content

We are proud to publish an extensive list of Pacific, Asian, and Southeast Asian studies journals. This Asian / Pacific American Heritage Month, explore and enjoy the following free journal content online:

Open Access Journals:

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society

Language Documentation & Conservation

Palapala: a journal of Hawaiian language and literature

Free journal content online:

Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific (46#1, 2007)

Asian Theatre Journal: Official Journal of the Association for Asian Performance (23#1, 2006)

Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature and Culture (1, 2007)

Buddhist-Christian Studies: Official Journal of the Society for Buddhist-Christian Studies (27, 2007)

China Review International: Reviews of Scholarly Literature in Chinese Studies (15#1, 2008)

The Contemporary Pacific: A Journal of Island Affairs (15#1, 2003)

Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review (3#1, 2014)

The Hawaiian Journal of History (49, 2015)

Journal of Daoist Studies (8, 2015)

Journal of Korean Religions (6#1, 2015)

Korean Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal on Korea and Koreans Abroad (29, 2005)

MĀNOA: A Pacific Journal of International Writing: New Writing from America, the Pacific, and Asia (19#1, 2007)

Oceanic Linguistics: Current Research on Languages of the Oceanic Area (50#2, 2011)

Pacific Science: Biological and Physical Sciences of the Pacific Region (71#4, 2017)

Philosophy East & West: A Quarterly of Comparative Philosophy (53#3, 2007)

Rapa Nui Journal: The journal of the Easter Island Foundation (30#2, 2016)

Review of Japanese Culture and Society (24, 2012)

U.S.–Japan Women’s Journal (45, 2013)

Asian Perspectives 58-1
Asian Theatre Journal 36-1 cover

Visit our website to learn more about our publications or to subscribe.


Asian Perspectives, Vol. 58, No. 1 (2019)

Hyung Il Pai
In Memoriam: Hyung Il Pai 裵炯逸 (14 June 1958 – 28 May 2018), this issue. Photograph courtesy of Alex José.

This issue of Asian Perspectives concentrates on Korean archaeology and is guest edited by Jack Davey and Dennis Lee. 

The journal editors encourage contributors who may be considering proposing a special issue or special section to contact Asian Perspectives. Learn more about special issues or sections in this issue’s editors’ note.


Editors’ Note
By Mike T. Carson and Rowan K. Flad

Early Korea: Re-thinking Boundaries and Identities
By Jack Davey and Dennis Lee

Identification and Chronology of Some Koguryŏ Royal Tombs
By Mark E. Byington

Paekche King Kŭnch’ogo’s Twisted Journey to the South: A Textual and Archaeological Perspective
By Dennis Lee

Wooden Inscriptions and the Culture of Writing in Sabi Paekche
By Marjorie Burge

Gendered Spaces and Prehistoric Households: A Geospatial Analysis of Mumun Period Pithouses from South Korea
By Rachel J. Lee

A Critical Examination of Models Regarding a Han 韓 – Ye 濊 Ethnic Division in Proto-Historic Central Korea, and Further Implications
By Hari Blackmore

Culture Contact and Cultural Boundaries in Iron Age Southern Korea
By Jack Davey

Ceramics and Society in Mahan and Paekche: A Comparison of Pottery Geochemistry and Craft Production Patterns at the Sites of P’ungnap T’osŏng and Kwangju Palsan
By Rory Walsh, Goung-Ah Lee, and Young-Cheol Lee

Overlooked Imports: Carnelian Beads in the Korean Peninsula
By Lauren Glover and J. M. Kenoyer

First Islanders: Prehistory and Human Migration in Island Southeast Asia by Peter Bellwood (review)
By Charles Higham

Karabalgasun – Stadt der Nomaden: Die archäologischen Ausgrabungen in der frühuigurischen Hauptstadt 2009–2011 by Burkart Dähne (review)
By Jan Bemmann

Hyung Il Pai 裵炯逸 (14 June 1958 – 28 May 2018)
By Lothar Von Falkenhausen


Asian Perspectives, vol. 57, no. 2 (2018)

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From Asian Perspectives 57-2: The first Peking Man tooth, PMU M3550 (left) and original label (right), assigning the tooth to a new genus and species: Sinanthropus pekinensis Black.
From this issue, “The Dates of the Discovery of the First Peking Man Fossil Teeth” by Qian Wang, Li Sun, and Jan Ove R. Ebbestad. The first Peking Man tooth, PMU M3550 (left) and original label (right), assigning the tooth to a new genus and species: Sinanthropus pekinensis Black.

This issue of Asian Perspectives features the following scholarly articles:

Late Middle Palaeolithic Subsistence in the Central Plain of China: A Zooarchaeological View from the Laonainaimiao Site, Henan Province
Qu Tongli, Chen Youcheng, Ofer Bar-Yosef, and Wang Youping

New Data from an Open Neolithic Site in Eastern Indonesia
Peter Lape, Emily Peterson, Daud Tanudirjo, Chung-Ching Shiung, Gyoung-Ah Lee, Judith Field, and Adelle Coster

Preliminary Results of the South Vanuatu Archaeological Survey: Cultural Landscapes, Excavation, and Radiocarbon Dating
James L. Flexner, Stuart Bedford, Frédérique Valentin, Richard Shing, Takaronga Kuautonga, and Wanda Zinger

The Dates of the Discovery of the First Peking Man Fossil Teeth
Qian Wang, Li Sun, and Jan Ove R. Ebbestad

The Guandimiao Bone Assemblage (and What it Says about the Shang Economy)
Hou Yanfeng, Roderick Campbell, Li Zhipeng, Zhang Yan, Li Suting, and He Yuling

Continue reading “Asian Perspectives, vol. 57, no. 2 (2018)”

Interview: Asian Perspectives editors Mike T. Carson and Rowan K. Flad

Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific is co-edited by Mike T. Carson and Rowan K. Flad from different parts of the globe. Carson, at the University of Guam, first joined Laura Junker (editor, 2001-2015) as co-editor to help manage a smooth transition to a new team. Flad, at Harvard University, joined Carson as co-editor for Volume 54.

Flad’s expertise lies in the archaeology of China and East Asia in general, and Carson’s work focuses on Pacific Oceania and Southeast Asia. Given the journal’s vast and diverse scope, they consult on manuscripts, identify peer reviewers, and work with the editorial board through frequent email communication and monthly online video chats with assistant editor Nat Erb-Satullo of Oxford. Here they reflect on the journal’s history and future.

In his Introduction to the first issue of Asian Perspectives, dated the summer of 1957, founding editor Wilhelm Solheim wrote that the goal was “to improve communications between scholars working within the field of Far Eastern pre-history,” but that “[w]e can not at present confine ourselves to the ‘field’ of Far Eastern prehistory as it has not been established as a ‘field.’”

These decades later, what issues or questions are particularly relevant in your field?

Rowan K. Flad: We still endeavor to connect scholars working within the broader field of Far Eastern pre-history, although we are decidedly open about the geographic and chronological boundaries of relevant scholarship. We engage the interests of our broad readership by ensuring that the reviewers of each article represent varied perspectives. One challenge is ensuring that the various strains of the discipline of archaeology, from the very scientific, to the more humanistic, continue to be represented in ways that encourage dialogue.

Asian Perspectives co-editor Mike Carson at the Ritidian Site in Guam in 2008. Photo by Diego Camacho, courtesy of the editor.

Mike T. Carson: The journal embraces a liberal view of the archaeology of the Asia-Pacific region. When the journal was formed more than 60 years ago, the region was sorely under-represented in world archaeology and most scientific disciplines. At that time, the journal editors made an effort to accommodate perspectives beyond European and North American views of the “Far East.” The journal became known as a venue for publishing and learning about archaeological findings from many different Asian and Pacific sub-regions, emphasizing their inter-connections.

Every year, we learn more and more about the archaeology of every geographic area throughout the region. The journal maintains its role in communicating these new discoveries, now taking advantage of internet access, digital databases, and an increasingly interconnected global society of scholars. In these ways, we hope that Asian Perspectives will continue to elevate the profile of the Asia-Pacific region.

Is there an issue that you’re particularly proud of?

MC: I am equally proud of every issue of the journal in terms of its admirable quality and new information. Over the last decades, the journal occasionally has fluctuated in its production schedule, but we now have regained a steady flow of regular output. I am pleased every time we publish a new issue on schedule.

RF: We take pride in having managed to produce the journal rapidly without sacrificing the high quality of editing our readers have come to expect (due in large part to the expert technical skills of our Managing Editor, Dr. Jaida Samudra). We believe that this is because the journal is published by a university press and therefore not subject to some of the pressures that journals published by large for-profit consolidators seem to be under.

We are excited about an upcoming issue focusing on Korean archaeology that includes some real quality articles.

Where is Asian Perspectives going next?

Asian Perspectives co-editor Rowan Flad at the Bingling Si grottoes, China. Photo courtesy of the editor.

RF: We are still revamping the style of the journal and finding ways to incorporate new directions in data production and data sharing, without sacrificing the traditional format that has always worked well for Asian Perspectives.

MC: Like any academic journal, Asian Perspectives continually must adapt to new production technologies, changing needs of our readership, and the standards of represented scientific disciplines. Lately, we have adjusted the appearance of the journal, begun including color images in the online version, and improved the functionality of the manuscript management system.

We expect to see more improvements over the next few years, especially concerning the increasing use of languages other than English in personal and place names and bibliographic references. We would be happy to learn what our readers and contributors might want to suggest for the future.

Do you have any advice for academics interested in submitting to Asian Perspectives?

MC: Prospective authors may wish to explore online information about the journal, our style guide, and examples of recently published issues. These explorations will enable prospective authors to gain a good sense of the scope of what we publish.

We encourage potential contributors to contact us in advance about the suitability of new work for the journal. Sometimes, we can suggest modifications, refinements, or expansion of the scope of new work. In some cases, we might see how a proposed article could interface with other manuscripts already in review.

RF: It is always a good idea to write to tell us what you hope to publish to see if it is a good fit for the journal. We very much appreciate thorough cover letters that explain the impact of the proposed article and its main point and audience. We particularly appreciate this if you are sending in a revision to a previous submission that has been returned with reviewer comments. Taking all reviewer comments seriously and addressing them explicitly makes it much easier to consider the revision for publication.

Learn more about Asian Perspectives, peruse journal content, and check out the journal’s online manuscript management system.

Asian Perspectives, vol. 56, no. 2 (2017)

From “Biocultural Practices during the Transition to History at the Vat Komnou Cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia” in this issue. Top image: Probable intentionally stained teeth of Vat Komnou Burial 43B, a 45–55+ year-old male. Photo by Rona Ikehara-Quebral. Bottom image: Filed maxillary permanent left incisors and canine of Vat Komnou Burial 36, a 35–45-year-old male. A periapical cavity surrounds the canine root. Photo by Rona Ikehara-Quebral.


This issue of Asian Perspectives also features the following scholarly works: Continue reading “Asian Perspectives, vol. 56, no. 2 (2017)”

#LookItUP: Climate Change and Natural Disasters in UHP Journals


upweekiconThis is Part 6 in a series of University of Hawai`i Press blog posts celebrating University Press Week and highlighting scholarship published by UH Press journals in the past year. Read our introductory blog post here. Our hope is that this series will shed new light on how UH Press “sells the facts,” so to speak, and the value our 24 journals bring to our very existence. Links to each journal and article are provided below.*

Climate Change and Natural Disasters

Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the PacificVolume 56, Number 2, 201700_AP_c1-4_blog
“The Search for Tsunami Evidence in the Geological and Archaeological Records, With a Focus on Japan” by Gina L. Barnes

Context: Archeologist Gina L. Barnes takes a look at tsunami sites through the lens of disaster preparedness: “tsunami damage seldom leads to collapse of a society or civilization, though the socio-economic status of the affected society is crucial to the nature of human response […] Disaster archaeology, including tsunami archaeology, is thus a timely and welcome approach to understanding the situation of the world today.”


Pacific Science: A Quarterly Devoted to the Biological and Physical Sciences of the Pacific RegionVolume 71, Number 4, October 2017Pacific Science 71:4 cover image
Article: “Estimating Cost-Effectiveness of Hawaiian Dry Forest Restoration Using Spatial Changes in Water Yield and Landscape Flammability under Climate Change” by Christopher A. Wada, Leah L. Bremer, Kimberly Burnett, Clay Trauernicht, Thomas Giambelluca, Lisa Mandle, Elliott Parsons, Charlotte Weil, Natalie Kurashima, and Tamara Ticktin

Context: This study joins dozens of Pacific Science research articles that show the effects of climate change, and it appears with seven open-access articles that focus on the challenges facing native forest restoration in Hawai’i and the Pacific region. (And while we’re “selling the facts,” we should mention Pacific Science also published a peer-reviewed biological fact in the past year: the discovery of a new species of Stylasterid in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.)

Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast GeographersVolume 79, 2017APCG Yearbook 79 cover
“Institutional Obstacles to Beaver Recolonization and Potential Climate Change Adaptation in Oregon, USA” by Jeff Baldwin

Context: As streams dry up due to climate change, beaver are being displaced from their natural habitats. This study critically examines five institutional blockages to beaver recolonization in Oregon through multiple interviews, policies, and publications.


The Contemporary Pacific: A Journal of Island AffairsVolume 29, Number 2, 2017
Section: “Year in Review: International Issues and Events” by Nic Maclellan

00_29.2 cover 1Context: Nic Maclellan reflects on the U.S.’s political influence on the Pacific region, especially as it relates to environmental regulation: “Debates over climate action, West Papua, fisheries, and trade continued as a feature of regional affairs in 2016, often dividing Pacific governments and their international partners. The election of Donald Trump as U.S. president in November set the stage for these divisions to continue, given Trump’s statements during the election campaign on climate change and America’s new directions in foreign policy.” This introduction is followed by more reports from the field, including Fiji, Papua, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Also appearing in this issue: “Climate Change and the Imagining of Migration: Emerging Discourses on Kiribati’s Land Purchase in Fiji” by Elfriede Hermann and Wolfgang Kempf.

*Institutional access to online aggregators such as Project MUSE may be required for full-text reading. For access questions, please see the Project MUSE FAQ available here or contact your local library.

UHP-primarylogo-2cEstablished in 1947, the University of Hawai`i Press supports the mission of the university through the publication of books and journals of exceptional merit. The Press strives to advance knowledge through the dissemination of scholarship—new information, interpretations, methods of analysis—with a primary focus on Asian, Pacific, Hawaiian, Asian American, and global studies. It also serves the public interest by providing high-quality books, journals and resource materials of educational value on topics related to Hawai`i’s people, culture, and natural environment. Through its publications the Press seeks to stimulate public debate and educate both within and outside the classroom.

For more information on the University of  Hawai`i Press and our publications, visit To receive table-of-contents email alerts for these publications, please click here to sign up at Project MUSE.

Say hello to UH Press at AAS Booth 600

If you’re attending the Association for Asian Studies Annual Conference in Toronto March 16-19, 2017, be sure to visit the University of Hawai’i Press at booth 600!

UH Press will have Asian studies books from our latest catalogs on display, as well as copies of the following journals:

We’re also proud to debut three online-only journals at AAS 2017:

Stop by and say hello as you browse through our display copies and catalogs. You may also pick up an order form at our booth or place your orders online at

We look forward to seeing you in cold, snowy Toronto!

Asian Perspectives, vol. 55, no. 2 (2016)

From “Aleti Tunu Bibi: Contextualizing a New Rock Art Site in East Timor and the Wider Asia-Pacific Region” in this issue. Calcite veil formed in 2015 over rock paintings in Panel 3 (above); enhanced image using DStretch by Jon Harman, V.7.0, April 2010 ( below). Photo by Jean-Christophe Galipaud 2015.

In the Editors’ Note  Mike T. Carson and Rowan K. Flad write:

The current issue of Asian Perspectives (Volume 55, issue 2) maintains the tradition of keeping readers in touch with new archaeological research findings, approaches, and ideas across the Asia-Pacific region. As always, each work has a geographic focus that refers to substantive datasets from particular places as concrete examples, yet is broadly relevant to research in other regions. Looking into the journal’s future volumes and issues, we invite new manuscripts that emphasize the larger implications of Asian and Pacific archaeological studies beyond geographic boundaries .

This issue of Asian Perspectives also features the following scholarly works: Continue reading “Asian Perspectives, vol. 55, no. 2 (2016)”

Asian Perspectives, vol. 55, no. 1 (2016)

From Palaeoecology and Forager Subsistence Strategies during the Pleistocene – Holocene Transition: A Reinvestigation of the Zooarchaeological Assemblage from Spirit Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand in this issue. Cut marks present on a right rib of a Sambar deer ( Rusa unicolor) ( L ayer 2a — S C-00078). Image A taken at 1x magnification on a Nikon SMZ1500 stereomicroscope attached to a SPOT Insight FireWire digital camera; close-up image B taken at 2x. Macro-photograph courtesy of Hannah G. Van Vlack.

In Palaeoecology and Forager Subsistence Strategies during the
Pleistocene–Holocene Transition: A Reinvestigation of the
Zooarchaeological Assemblage from Spirit Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand authors Cyler Conrad, Charles Higham, Masaki Eda, and Ben Marwick write:

This reanalysis uses the zooarchaeological assemblage recovered from Spirit Cave to understand hunter-gatherer use and occupation at the site during the Pleistocene – Holocene transition. W e analyze bone fragmentation, sample size, and relative abundance to establish the preservation and overall composition of the remaining fauna. Identification of several new taxa, including roundleaf bats (Hipposideros larvatus and bicolor), elongated tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), black marsh turtle (Siebenrockiella crassicollis), Burmese hare ( Lepus cf. peguensis) and a potential red junglefowl ( Phasianidae — ?Gallus gallus) provide insights into hunter-gatherer occupation, palaeoecology, and subsistence strategies between 12,000 and 7000 years b.p.

This issue of Asian Perspectives also features the following scholarly works: Continue reading “Asian Perspectives, vol. 55, no. 1 (2016)”