Biography, vol. 27, no. 3 (2004)

Biography 27.3 cover imageEditor’s Note, p. v


Ruth Dawson with Waltraud Maierhofer
German Rediscovery of Life Writing: Introduction to Essays on German-Speaking Women as Rulers, Consorts, and Royal Mistresses in the Long Eighteenth Century, p. 483

This introduction to the analysis of the construction of aristocratic life writing by and about German women during the long eighteenth century explores the ongoing reevaluation of autobiography and biography by historians, Germanists, and other scholars in the humanities and social scientists.

Helke Dreier
Memoirs as Dynastic Means of Legitimization: Duchess Sophie of Hannover, p. 495

The memoirs of Duchess Sophie of Hannover exemplify female life writing in the seventeenth century. By no means merely a collection of anecdotes, her self-narrative is used by the duchess to foster the glory and reputation of the Dynasty of the Welfen, and to secure her place and role within that dynasty.

Ruth Dawson
Perilous Royal Biography: Representations of Catherine II Immediately after Her Seizure of the Throne, p. 517

When Tsar Peter III of Russia was deposed by his wife in 1762, a flurry of biographical texts appeared about both the hapless Peter and the new Tsarina, Catherine II. From the first newspaper accounts to official manifestos and unofficial biographical pamphlets, these texts illustrate the interplay among factors of gender, sexuality, dynasty, and legitimacy.

Corinna Heipcke
Landgräfin Karoline of Hessen-Darmstadt: Epistolary Politics and the Problems of Consort Biography, p. 535

Karoline of Hessen-Darmstadt exemplifies the problems in writing the biography of a royal or high aristocratic consort in eighteenth-century Germany. Such a biography can only succeed if it deploys feminist historiography; takes seriously the correspondence of the consort as a historiographical source, and also takes seriously marriage politics as an important aspect of foreign politics.

Helga Meise
Posthumous Fame and Writing of the Self by the “Great” Landgräfin Karoline of Hessen-Darmstadt, p. 554

This article deals with the contradictions imposed on Landgräfin Karoline of Hessen-Darmstadt, as the “Great Landgräfin” was torn between two completely different aims: to save her dynasty by means of her marriage politics; or to proceed in self-enlightenment by writing and reading, especially the philosophers of her time.

Waltraud Maierhofer
Wilhelmine Encke-Ritz-Lichtenau: Writing and Reading the Life of a Prussian Royal Mistress, p. 575

The life of Wilhelmine Encke, better known as Countess Lichtenau or “the German Pompadour,” has been narrated extensively from her own best years into the twenty-first century. This article traces these life writings, and investigates how the issue of the legitimacy of female power in the realms of politics intertwined with discourses on gender roles and historical memory.


Mapping Lives: The Uses of Biography, edited by Peter France and William St. Clair, p. 597
Reviewed by Kenneth Silverman

Writing Biography: Historians and Their Craft, edited by Lloyd E. Ambrosius, p. 599
Reviewed by Catherine N. Parke

The Philosopher’s Autobiography: A Qualitative Study, by Shlomit C. Schuster, p. 603
Reviewed by Richard Morehouse

The Anonymous Marie de France, by R. Howard Bloch, p. 605
Reviewed by Judith Kellogg

Roles of Authority: Thespian Biography and Celebrity in Eighteenth-Century Britain, by Cheryl Wanko, p. 609
Reviewed by Shearer West

A Biographer at Work: Samuel Johnson’s Notes for the ‘Life of Pope,’ by Harriet Kirkley, p. 611
Reviewed by Norma Clarke

From Life: The Story of Julia Margaret Cameron and Victorian Photography, by Victoria Olsen, p. 614
Reviewed by Jennifer Green-Lewis

Recovering Ruth: A Biographer’s Tale, by Robert Root, p. 617
Reviewed by Susan Friedman

The Extraordinary Work of Ordinary Writing: Annie Ray’s Diary, by Jennifer Sinor, p. 620
Reviewed by Lisa M. Logan

No Sword to Bury: Japanese Americans in Hawai‘i during World War II, by Franklin Odo, p. 623
Reviewed by Jonathan Dresner

Extreme Virtue: Truth and Leadership in Five Great American Lives, by Crispin Sartwell, p. 626
Reviewed by Barry Allen

Geographical Voices: Fourteen Autobiographical Essays, edited by Peter Gould and Forrest R. Pitts, p. 628
Reviewed by Pamela Moss

Aged by Culture, by Margaret Morganroth Gullette, p. 631
Reviewed by Katie E. Cherry, Nowal Jamhour, and Payton B. Mincey

The Life Writing of Otherness: Woolf, Baldwin, Kingston, and Winterson, by Lauren Rusk, 635
Reviewed by Jeanette McVicker

Zarathustra’s Sisters: Women’s Autobiography and the Shaping of Cultural History, by Susan Ingram, p. 638
Reviewed by Ursula Tidd

They Dream Not of Angels but of Men: Homoeroticism, Gender, and Race in Latin American Autobiography, by Robert Richmond Ellis, p. 640
Reviewed by Claudia Schaefer

Poétique: revue de théorie et d’analyse littéraires, edited by Michel Charles, p. 643
Reviewed by Alison Rice

Un Journal à soi: Histoire d’une pratique, by Philippe Lejeune and Catherine Bogaert, p. 645
Reviewed by Marie-Christine Garneau

Experience and Expression: Women, the Nazis, and the Holocaust, edited by Elizabeth R. Baer and Myrna Goldenberg, p. 649
Reviewed by Karin Doerr

Committed to Memory: Cultural Mediations on the Holocaust, by Oren Baruch Stier, p. 654
Reviewed by Jay Geller

Image and Remembrance: Representation and the Holocaust, edited by Shelley Hornstein and Florence Jacobowitz, p. 657
Reviewed by Elizabeth R. Baer

Poetry After Auschwitz: Remembering What One Never Knew, by Susan Gubar, p. 660
Reviewed by Michael Rothberg

Trauma at Home: After 9/11, edited by Judith Greenberg, p. 663
Reviewed by Geoffrey Cocks

Women Writing Africa. Vol. 1: The Southern Region, edited by M. J. Daymond, Dorothy Driver, Sheila Meintjes, Leloba Molema, Chiedza Musengezi, Margie Orford, and Nobantu Rasebotsa, p. 665
Reviewed by Kay Schaffer

Dwelling in the Archive: Women Writing House, Home, and History in Late Colonial India, by Antoinette Burton, p. 673
Reviewed by Vinay Lal

Reply to a review of Holy Boldness: Women Preachers’ Autobiographies and the Sanctified Self, by Susie C. Stanley, p. 676
Response by Lynn Domina, p. 678

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