Presidential Address: The Edge of the World: Embattled Leagues of Children and Seals Teeter on the Rim
Stuart C. Aitken, 12
Comparing Police and Resident’ Perceptions of Crime in a Phoenix Neighborhood Using Mental Maps in GIS
Natalie Lopez and Chris Lukinbeal, 33
Neighborhood residents and police have distinct views about crime and safety in their community and/or beat, but comparing these perceptions can be difficult. This study uses mental maps to elicit perceptions of crime and safety from residents and police officers in the Garfield neighborhood of Phoenix. Thirty-eight residents, five police officers and one volunteer from the neighborhood patrol were asked to draw their perceptions of safe/low crime and unsafe/high crime areas on base maps. Data were then georectified, coded, and aggregated for analysis in a geographic information system. Aggregated spatial perceptions between the two groups were compared to crime data. Results showed that police perception was heavily influenced by reported crimes, while residents’ perceptions were not. By utilizing maps of resident perceptions of crime, police may have a new tool with which to pinpoint unreported or new crime activity.
Wild in the City: Past, Present, and Future
Aleksandra Ilicheva, 56
This paper analyzes human-animal landscapes within an urban setting. I use a historical ecology approach to discuss the formation of (post)modern landscapes in the twenty-first century Los Angeles. The historical approach is necessary to make informed decisions for habitat restoration, and to map out human influences on natural ecosystems (Egan and Howell 2001). In the process I discuss strategies for a new urban wildlife theory. Conflicts and encounters between humans and non-humans can be more intense and controversial in a city. Because cities are usually seen as human-only landscapes, urban wildlife is more marginalized there than anywhere else. This is especially relevant in Los Angeles, a prime example of unchecked growth that brings more urbanites to the periphery and into contact with wild animals. For that reason I maintain that an urban setting is ideal for wildlife conservation and creating more egalitarian human-nonhuman relations and for breaching of traditional boundaries of exclusion. The definition of urban, in this paper, includes areas within city limits, as well as areas outside: suburbs or urban fringe. With growing urbanization and the spread of built-up areas all over the world, there remains no choice but to create more hospitable conditions for wildlife within the city, if we want to preserve the wellbeing of individual animals or entire species and ecosystems. I am interested in various qualities in urban landscapes that would create these conditions.
Life as Adventure: Adventure as Life: Alvena Storm, Pioneer Woman Geographer
Barbara Fredrich and Alan Osborn, 91
In this article, we review the life and contributions to San Diego State University of Alvena Marie Suhl Storm. We begin with a discussion of the San Diego Normal School and follow that with a chronological description of her early childhood, which was significant in framing her development as a geographer. We review her four decades of teaching, starting in a one-room schoolhouse on the Umatilla Reservation in Oregon, and ending with her retirement as professor of geography at San Diego State University. We include some of her correspondence with Carl O. Sauer, her contribution to education, and, briefly, her interests in the development of the campus’s now-historic East Quad Mediterranean Garden. Professor Storm helped to shape geography in California through her teaching, development of field classes, and service to the university and community. We provide a glimpse of this woman geographer who led a remarkable, adventurous life.
Henry Fanshawe Tozer: A “Missing Person” in Historical Geography?
William A. Koelsch, 118
This fragment of an ongoing research project into the historical relations of geography and classics introduces a minor but significant scholar, Henry Fanshawe Tozer (1829–1916). Tozer’s lectures on the geography of ancient Greece as part of an effort to modernize Oxford University’s curriculum; his exploratory travels in the Balkans, the Aegean, and Asia Minor that resulted in three classic volumes; his book of selections from Strabo as an alternative to standard classical texts; and his well-regarded History of Ancient Geography entitle him to consideration from geographers. Most of his books have been reprinted (from 75 to 135 years after their initial publication), and he was regarded in his own time as a geographer. Yet few Anglo-American geographers today know his work. His selection for the Dictionary of National Biography’s “Missing Persons” volume in 1993 and his omission from more recent surveys, such as those in the 2003 British Academy volume on British geography, suggest how much more we have yet to learn about the nineteenth-century roots of our discipline.
Book Review: The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obsession in the Amazon by David Grann
Reviewed by Ron Davidson, 128
Meeting Report, 131