Myanmar in the Fifteenth Century: A Tale of Two Kingdoms

Paperback: $28.00
ISBN-13: 9780824889425
Published: November 2021
Hardback: $80.00
ISBN-13: 9780824867836
Published: May 2017

Additional Information

392 pages | 3 b&w illustrations, 2 maps
  • About the Book
  • When the great kingdom of Pagan declined politically in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, its territory devolved into three centers of power and a period of transition occurred. Then two new kingdoms arose: the First Ava Dynasty in Upper Myanmar and the First Pegu Dynasty in Lower Myanmar. Both originated around the second half of the fourteenth century, reached their pinnacles in the fifteenth, and declined before the first half of the sixteenth century was over. Their story is the only missing piece in Myanmar’s mainstream historiography, a gap this book is designed to fill.

    Renowned historian Michael Aung-Thwin reconstructs the chronology of this nearly two-hundred-year period while challenging a number of long-held beliefs. Contrary to conventional histories, he contends that Ava was the continuation of an old kingdom (Pagan) led by its traditional ethno-linguistic group, the Burmese speakers, while Pegu was a new kingdom led by more recent arrivals, the Mon speakers. Although both kingdoms shared many cultural components of the “classical” Pagan tradition, Ava was inland and agrarian, while Pegu was maritime and commercial, so that each was shaped by very different geopolitical and economic environments. In that difference rests the dynamism of their “upstream-downstream” relationship, which, thereafter, became a regular historical pattern in Myanmar history, represented today by inland Naypyidaw and “coastal” Yangon.

    Original in conception and impressive in scope, this well written book not only fills in the history of early modern Myanmar but places it in a broad interpretive context based on years of familiarity with a wealth of primary sources. Full of arresting anecdotes and colorful personalities, it represents an important contribution to Myanmar studies that will not easily be superseded.

  • About the Author(s)
    • Michael A. Aung-Thwin, Author

      Michael A. Aung-Thwin is professor of Asian studies at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.
  • Reviews and Endorsements
    • This is an original, carefully researched, impressive work of scholarship that not only fills the principal void in the political history of Myanmar, but places that history in a broad interpretive context. The author's unpretentious style, devoid of academic jargon, and his eye for arresting anecdotes and colorful personalities make it a gripping, enjoyable read and another in his series of major scholarly achievements.
      —Victor B. Lieberman, University of Michigan
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