Kingdom of the Sick: A History of Leprosy and Japan

Hardback: $68.00
ISBN-13: 9780824879013
Published: May 2019
Paperback: $30.00
ISBN-13: 9780824892388
Published: July 2022

Additional Information

344 pages | 18 b&w illustrations
  • About the Book
  • In this groundbreaking work, Susan L. Burns examines the history of leprosy in Japan from medieval times until the present. At the center of Kingdom of the Sick is the rise of Japan’s system of national leprosy sanitaria, which today continue to house more than 1,500 former patients, many of whom have spent five or more decades within them.

    Burns argues that long before the modern Japanese government began to define a policy toward leprosy, the disease was already profoundly marked by ethical and political concerns and associated with sin, pollution, heredity, and outcast status. Beginning in the 1870s, new anxieties about race and civilization that emanated from a variety of civic actors, including journalists, doctors, patent medicine producers, and Christian missionaries transformed leprosy into a national issue. After 1900, a clamor of voices called for the quarantine of all sufferers of the disease, and in the decades that followed bureaucrats, politicians, physicians, journalists, local communities, and leprosy sufferers themselves grappled with the place of the biologically vulnerable within the body politic. At stake in this “citizenship project” were still evolving conceptions of individual rights, government responsibility for social welfare, and the delicate balance between care and control.

    Refusing to treat leprosy patients as simply victims of state power, Burns recovers their voices in the debates that surrounded the most controversial aspects of sanitarium policy, including the use of sterilization, segregation, and the continuation of confinement long after leprosy had become a curable disease. Richly documented with both visual and textual sources and interweaving medical, political, social, and cultural history, Kingdom of the Sick tells an important story for readers interested in Japan, the history of medicine and public health, social welfare, gender and sexuality, and human rights.

  • About the Author(s)
    • Susan L. Burns, Author

      Susan L. Burns is professor of Japanese history and East Asian languages and civilizations at the University of Chicago.
  • Reviews and Endorsements
    • Kingdom of the Sick contains an array of fascinating details and crucially important arguments that offer a fresh perspective on the historiography. Its thorough examination of the premodern medical literature elucidates various aspects of early modern leprosy medicine that have been largely overlooked in previous studies. . . . Burns succeeds in her goal of bringing an alternative perspective to research on the Japanese history of Hansen’s disease. . . . Well organized and lucidly written, it will be of interest not only to scholars of Hansen’s disease and medical history in Japan but also to those working more widely on the politics of healthcare, patient autonomy, and victim movements.
      —Waka Hirokawa, Senshu University, Monumenta Nipponica, 75:2 (2020)
  • Supporting Resources