Modernization and Effeminization in India: Kerala Cashew Workers since 1930

Hardback: $69.00
ISBN-13: 9788791114212
Published: January 2005

Additional Information

288 pages | illus.
  • About the Book
  • The South Indian state of Kerala is well known for its progressive policy, high social indicators, and comparatively high women’s status. Processes of modernization, however, have had an ambiguous impact on women. This study of female cashew workers in Kerala combines meticulous historical investigation with anthropological research, including a wealth of in-depth interviews.The author traces changes since the 1930s in gender relations among low-caste men and women by examining processes of modernization in the organization of work, trade union activities, and ideologies regarding marriage and family life. Her main conclusion is that women have obtained better absolute conditions at work and in society but – due to a process of effeminization – they are now looked upon as weaker and more dependent on men than in earlier decades.

  • About the Author(s)
    • Anna Lindberg, Author

  • Supporting Resources